The body was disposed whole-body in the east-west profile between grids A and B, at a depth of 1.30 m. Similarly, age was estimated from cranial and postcranial skeletal metamorphosis and dental wear . Height was estimated from skeletal measurements (heel to vertex) in situ. Individual 3+ is a juvenile or young adult, 17 to 25 years old, female, and measures approximately 149 cm. There are traces of red dye on the skull and forearms. Among the items found that accompanied or contained the body are a ceramic vessel, 11 freshwater mollusk shells, and over 500 fragments of plant material.
From the deepness ranging from step one.31 and you can 0.98 meters, entirely simply for cities below (23%) and you may forming a fringe horizontal into muscles (77%), at the least 578 fragments away from plant count (wood) was in fact filed, providing good macroscopic variety of black colored and you can brownish cubes. This new models of your own fragments was basically categorized towards Quick, ranging from step 1 and you may step three cm (341 fragments), Medium-Small 3 to 6 cm (89 fragments), Medium, six to help you ten cm (61 fragments), Higher, 10 so you’re able to twelve cm (34 fragments), and also High, more than several cm (53 fragments), aforementioned centered in distal sectors.
An example away from 20 fragments off wood of different brands and out of other circles try selected and you can delivered having character about Laboratorio de- Dendroescrerologia y Catedra de Anatomia Vegetal del AUSMA, Universidad Nacional de- Comahue, Argentina. The fresh new timber is observed under an enthusiastic optical microscope with incident white on three symptomatic sections: mix (Fig 4A; S2 Fig), radial longitudinal or axial (Fig 4B; S3 Fig) and you will tangential longitudinal otherwise axial (Fig 4C; S4 Fig). It actually was finished regarding findings the timber came from a great Gymnosperm (clearly tracheid wood). Regarding the radial area, round otherwise egg-shaped tracheids with uniseriate pits was seen (Fig 4B), showing the wood try off Austrocedrus chilensis “Chilean cedar”. One of many properties of attempt, it was detailed you to definitely 30% of your Higher and very Highest specimens, i.e. those individuals large enough to have low variations to-be observed, present heat alteration only on the face situated on the body, otherwise interior face in the case of a container. In spite of the fragmentation of one’s take to, the architectural functions of the fragments suggest that they are drawn from one tree, and you will projection of angles of one’s progress bands suggests a beneficial single trunk of diameter bigger than 0.70 meters (Fig 4A).
One’s body is followed closely by valves of one’s freshwater mollusc Diplodon chilensis, some of which is semi-complete and lie below plus in head connection with bones eg just like the humerus and you may femur. The shells save an amount of ethics and fragments off periostracum are present, from which it’s inferred that they was in fact placed on the fresh new root of the wood container before human body try put during the it. About three semi-complete specimens introduce red-colored mineral colorants on their external surface. It types of mollusc is just three hundred yards away on the the coastlines regarding Lacar Lake. Valves from the species are filed inside the funerary and domestic contexts during the web sites with the each other mountains of your Andes [18, 19].
Beside the body, to the left of the cranium and on the same vertical level, a pottery vessel was deposited ; it is a bottle or jug with a spherical body and a formatted or flat base, cylindrical neck, and mouth with signs of a pouring-lip. It has a handle consisting of a vertical strip fixed between the body and the rim, opposite the lip. It was fired with oxidation; the clay is compact and schist-like, red in colour with quartz inclusions (Fig 5). It has a white glaze and geometric patterns in red paint on several distinct panels on the body and neck. The motifs are: parallel lines dividing the body and neck into horizontal segments; reticulated figures round the neck; and vertical parallel bands distributed round the body where triangular figures composed of lines alternate with clepsydras or triangles joined by their vertex. This piece forms a typological or singular group (bottle or jug with sugar baby Las Vegas NV narrow mouth and pouring-lip), previously unknown at least among the morphological and technical variants of the El Vergel pottery complex ; it is part of the (pre-Hispanic) Red on White Bichrome tradition, of the Late Pottery period in the regional ceramics sequence . Given the chronology of this piece, it is one of the earliest records of use as a funerary item. Like other features, its tilted position and height, close to the face of Individual 3+, suggest that the wooden container was concave in shape and of restricted size, and that the base in this part was elevated.